According to Wikipedia, an electric power-assisted bicycle (V.A.E.) is a bicycle equipped with an auxiliary electric motor and a rechargeable battery. Legal definition of a V.A.E. In France, a bicycle with electric assistance must conform to the European Directive EC2002/24 and the French standard NF R30-020 laying down the following general principles:
- The rated power of the engine shall not exceed 250 watts,
- The assistance works up to the speed of 25 km/h, not beyond,
- The support is provided only when the user is pedaling.
A vehicle will be considered a moped if one of the following conditions is fulfilled:
- The rated engine power is greater than 250 watts,
- The assistance operates at a speed of more than 25 km/h,
- The support works when the user does not pedal, for example using a joystick.
In France, such a vehicle must be insured like any moped and requires the wearing of a suitable helmet. Moreover, it is not allowed to take the bike paths.